28 November 2010

Spode and Pattern 1166

Group of items in pattern 1166 
One of the most sumptuous designs produced during the Spode period (c1770 - 1833) has pattern number 1166. It has no name just a number. It is one of about 75,000 patterns recorded in the Spode Museum Trust's pattern books. Many patterns simply have a unique number with no name and this design has a conveniently memorable one.

Pattern 1166 was first recorded in about 1808. Pieces with a simple Spode mark or the number alone will date from about 1808 to 1833.

detail of the painting on the punch bowl
The pattern is groundlayed in cobalt blue, hand painted and then gilded on pure white bone china. The combination of cobalt blue and gold is one of the most expensive in ceramic decoration. This extravagance coupled with these gorgeous flowers makes this design one of the most magnificent to come out of the Spode factory. See my Spode ABC G page for more on groundlaying too - click here.

The background of gilded scales are graduated to fit the pieces whether for the large punch bowl or small ink stand. The items in the illustration above are the sort of wares made for Spode's well-to-do customers.

This illustration was produced for a postcard for the new Spode Museum in about 1996. Sadly the museum was short-lived and closed in 2008/9.

The pieces in the illustration top left from left to right are given below. Jar is an old word for vase. The number in brackets after the description is the page number in the Spode 1820 Shape Book which can be found at the Spode Exhibition Online site and the spellings are shown in italics as given in the original document.
  • Sevres Shape Jar (sic); recorded as made in 3 sizes; this with swan shaped handles; (143)
  • Pierced Cov'd Pedistall Antique Jar (sic); recorded as made in 2 sizes; (63)
  • Punch Bowl, cover and ladle made for His Grace the Duke of Newcastle with the handle to the cover modelled as a cornet.
  • Tray Ink Stand with ink pot, wafer box and sand box; (90)
  • Dolphin Tripod (thought to be an incense burner); recorded as made in 3 sizes; (17)
  • Sevres Shape Jar (sic); as above
To the left is a Beaded New Shape Jar; recorded as made in 9 sizes; (6)

It is possible that this pattern on Spode's bone china was made to imitate the Chinese metal working technique known as cloisonné.

Many, many different items were made in this pattern to grace the homes of the wealthy.

More can be seen in the book Spode by Leonard Whiter.

1 comment:

  1. I have always thought that pattern 1166 along with pattern 711 was one of the best patterns made by any of the potteries.

    you can see the largest most up to date census of this pattern on my wiki Porcelainpedia. The pattern index for Spode is very large.

    the url for pattern 1166 is :

    take a look around.